The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) government is building a rover on Mars to study the planet’s surface, in a $10 billion project that could pave the way for an exploration mission to Mars by the 2030s.
A $10.7 billion Mars rover will have a rover and payload on board.
It will be built by the Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), a US defence agency that’s building robotic vehicles for space exploration.
The Australian team includes scientists from the University of Melbourne, the University’s School of Physics and Astronomy, and the University in Canberra.
They have designed a prototype rover that will be the largest rover on the surface of Mars.
The project is being led by DARPA and the Australian Space Research Organisation (ASRO), and it’s funded by a $1.2 billion grant from the Australian Government.
The rover will be made up of a rover chassis, a payload, a control module and a robotic arm, which will carry the rover.
The team’s plan is to use the rover to survey the surface and conduct scientific studies in the coming years.
The ASRO team said the rover will carry a suite of sensors, including an instrument called a spectrometer that will measure the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which can tell if a surface has been wet or not.
“It’s a lot more complex than just measuring the amount of CO2 on the atmosphere,” ASRO project manager David Paddon said.
“We need to understand the processes that make up the atmosphere.
It’s very, very important to us because we need to know how Mars behaves.”
The project will involve developing a robotic vehicle for the project, and designing an instrument to monitor the environment for signs of water and carbon dioxide on the Martian surface.
The aim of the rover is to have a system capable of detecting water on the Mars surface within a year.
“That’s a very ambitious target and it will require a lot of expertise and investment,” Mr Paddon explained.
“If we can get the necessary skills and resources we’ll be able to achieve this very quickly.”
The first robotic mission to the Red Planet will be an orbiter in 2021.
The Australian team said they’re working with a European Space Agency partner to design a second orbiter that will carry on the same mission.
The Canberra-based ASRO was formed in 2011, and is funded by the Australian Taxation Office.
The agency is part of the Australian Defence Force.
The Mars 2020 rover is expected to land on Mars in 2022.
The rover will conduct an analysis of how the environment on the Red Mars is changing and how it’s changing due to the heat of the sun.
The mission will be carried out by a rover from the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
The rover is also designed to carry out experiments that will test the safety and reliability of the equipment on board and its handling.
The cost of the Mars 2020 mission is estimated to be around $1 billion.
“There are no other spacecraft that can deliver a Mars mission this fast, but this is the only one that can do this in a robotic manner,” DARPA chief scientist David Griggs said.
Mr Griggs is the man who’s behind the Mars program, and he was asked how the rover was designed to perform.
“The rover has to have the capability to be safe and safe and not to have to do anything risky,” Mr Griggs replied.
“You need to be able for the rover itself to handle the extreme conditions, the extreme heat and the extreme gravity and the very long exposure time of the mission.”
Mr Grigg said the project has a strong chance of success.”DARPRADPA is going to be part of this project and we’ve got a very good track record of working with DARPA on Mars, and we’re really pleased that the project is on track,” he said.
The $10bn project will be launched in 2021, and will use the lander as the testbed for developing technologies to launch a robotic rover on a future mission to space.
“Once we have the rover and the payload in orbit, we can then begin the development of a fully autonomous rovers and landers on Mars,” Mr Branson said.