The Biodiversification Conservation and Reclamation Act (BRCRA) was introduced to Parliament on 1 July 2018, and is a key part of the Government’s plan to transform the country’s economy, and to secure Australia’s place in the world’s largest biodiversity recovery plan.
It is currently awaiting its first reading in the House of Representatives, and will then be debated in the Senate.
What is BRCRA?
BRCSA is a landmark legislation that provides for the establishment of a new national marine reserves and an international marine reserve management framework for biodiversity.
It requires the Government to establish a marine conservation area and manage the protected areas that will be created in this new marine reserve.
The existing marine reserves are: South Australian Coastal Region (SAARC) – 2.7 million square kilometres of marine protected area.
It covers South Australia’s south coast from Cape York to Port Augusta.
It includes the South Australian and Queensland coastlines.
The Southern Coast region is comprised of South Australia and Queensland, and includes the southern parts of the Southern Alps and the north-western parts of South Africa.
South Australia has one of the largest marine reserves in Australia, comprising a large part of South-East Queensland and the southern and eastern parts of Queensland.
Queensland’s South Coast region encompasses a significant part of New South Wales and Victoria, including the southern coastal regions of Western Australia and Tasmania.
The WA Coastal Regions includes parts of Western Victoria, the Northern Rivers and the Northern Sea.
The Northern Rivers includes parts the northern parts of WA, and parts of New England.
The NT is also covered by the NT Marine Reserves Management Plan (NMRMPP).
It covers parts of Northern Territory, South Australia, Tasmania, New South Australia (and Western Australia), and parts or parts of Victoria.
This is a marine reserve system, which means that the marine reserves will have specific requirements for marine life, such as species, habitats and other areas.
The marine reserve is also a way to ensure that we are able to protect the marine biodiversity we already have in our oceans.
The BRC is also part of a wider strategy for conservation and biodiversity.
In addition to the marine reserve, the BRC provides for new protected areas for endangered species, migratory birds and the endangered and threatened plants and animals that exist in Australia.
There are currently two existing protected areas, both located in the Great Barrier Reef National Marine Park.
The National Marine Reserve Scheme for the Great South Pacific Region covers the entire southern Pacific Ocean and is currently under construction.
This includes the Australian Archipelago and the Gulf of Carpentaria islands, which were the largest protected areas in the region.
The Great South East Pacific Region encompasses parts of Tasmania, Victoria, New England and New South Africa, and covers the south of New Zealand.
The South East Atlantic Region covers parts and parts and a large portion of New Britain and parts on the eastern seaboard of New Guinea.
This area is also currently under development.
The Coral Sea is a large area in the South Pacific Ocean off the coast of New Caledonia.
It has been classified as a National Marine Sanctuary by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
The Great Barrier Shield is a protected area of the Great Australian Bight, which includes parts and portions of the Northern Territory.
It was created in 1986.
The Canyons of the Ross Sea, located in New South Guinea, is part of this area.
The Greater Barrier Reef Marine Park covers parts, portions and parts.
The Marine Reserve Plan covers the area in Western Australia, the Southern Australian Coastal Regions, New Zealand and Tasmania, and the New South Territories.
The Queensland Coastal Regions covers parts or portions of New York, New Jersey and Connecticut.
The state’s largest marine reserve area is the Great Southern Bight area, which covers parts on Queensland’s east coast, including parts of Brisbane and parts along the coast to the west.
The area covers an area of over 1.7 billion hectares, or more than 6 per cent of Australia’s land surface area.
BRC will also provide for new national conservation areas and marine reserves.
A number of measures will be introduced to support conservation, including establishing a National Conservation Area, which will have a national, protected area management strategy and management objectives, and a Marine Reserve Management Plan, which aims to secure the management of a large and diverse marine reserve in an environmentally sustainable manner.
The Government has made commitments to reduce the number of people on the land by 50 per cent by 2050, with the creation of a national marine reserve for the conservation of endangered species.
The national marine protected areas will be located on the coasts of Western and Northern Australia, Western and Southern New South England, the Great Northern Bight and the Great Basin of South West Australia.
The Commonwealth Government will also establish a National Coastal and Marine Reserve, which is a national conservation area for coastal and marine biodiversity.
These marine reserves include all of the existing national marine areas in Queensland, South Queensland, Tasmania